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Clinical Laboratory Assistant/Phlebotomist

A Clinical Laboratory, often called medical laboratory, is a separate division of a healthcare facility. The clinical laboratory is a location where blood, urine, sputum, stool, and tissue are analyzed in a precise, accurate and a timely manner.

Clinical Laboratory Assistant/Phlebotomist is a vital member of the clinical laboratory team. They are employed in medical laboratories in hospitals, clinics, research institutes and universities. They are responsible for collecting blood samples and for providing instructions to patients on how to collect samples of various body fluids for specific tests ordered by the physician. Additionally, they will file, handle, store, and prepare specific specimens for testing. This clinical laboratory team member helps perform analytical tests that are crucial in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of disease.

Course Overview:

  • Departments in the Clinical Laboratory
  • Medical Terminology
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Ethical and legal consideration
  • Infection control
  • Safety issues
  • Blood drawing
  • Order of draw
  • Venipuncture and dermal puncture
  • Complication of blood drawing
  • Examination of microorganisms
  • Urinalysis
  • Communication
  • Additives
  • Phlebotomy equipment
  • Clinical laboratory equipment


Students interested in Clinical Laboratory Assistant training only, please contact ELIM as we do offer a stand-alone option, although most students opt for the combined version as the passing and completion of the combined coursework makes the student eligible for two national certification exams.

Course Objectives.  Click to view

  • Know the purpose of the clinical laboratory assistant/phlebotomist
  • State the purpose of each clinical laboratory department
  • Explain the basic foundation of medical terminology
  • Know standard precautions and general safety
  • Understand the various components of the blood and circulatory system
  • Perform basic calculations related to the clinical laboratory
  • Demonstrate the capability to operate laboratory equipment
  • Explain how to collect urine samples
  • Explain and execute venipuncture using a vacuum tube, a syringe, and a butterfly infusion needle

Course Outcome.  Click to view

Students successfully completing the course will have an overview of the healthcare system and the functions of the clinical laboratory. Additionally, they will know how to maintain a safe work environment; comply with procedures instituted in the procedure manual; and prepare patients for collection procedures associated with laboratory samples.
The graduate of this program will be awarded a certificate of completion and will be eligible to take the national exam, Medical Laboratory Assistant Certification (CMLA) as well as the National Phlebotomy Exam (CPT).

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